Unique Economics of Monaco

Unique Economics of Monaco

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Monaco. A place of casinos, yacht clubs, cool sports cars , luxury shops and hotels – and at the same time one of the smallest nations in the world. Have you thought about how this country managed to achieve it? Not by its casinos, but by the tax advantages on its residents, tourists  and businesses. And if you believe that Monaco is consequently a tax haven, you are mistaken.

Monaco is no longer regarded as a tax haven since the EU and OECD recently removed it from the list of non-cooperative jurisdictions. Tax havens generally refer to nations or jurisdictions that have very liberal tax laws or provide minimal tax liabilities within its borders to foreign corporations and individuals. This was done since neither Monaco’s laws nor its regulatory bodies authorize the establishment of offshore firms aimed at evading taxes or to offer off-shore financial services. Even so, it continues to rank as the richest nation in the world with the highest HDI. Therefore, this article will focus on various tax advantages of living in Monaco  and how it shapes its unique economy.

Personal and corporation income tax:

In short, neither Monaco residents nor foreign nationals are subject to personal income taxes. The exceptions are French nationals who, despite residing in Monaco, must pay taxes in France.

Corporate taxes:

Monaco also doesn’t have corporate income tax, which means foreign and domestic firms or businesses are not taxed for their net profit. However, this privilege comes with its cost. Industries and companies that make 75% or more of their profit within the country are exempt from the taxation, but if 25% of a company’s revenue comes from foreign sources, it will be subjected to a 33.33% tax. 

Additionally, Monaco is the best location for business owners running their own or freelancing ventures, major share and cryptocurrency holders, poker players, and other individuals because there is no taxation on investment income, capital gains, dividends, or income of employees and employers. 

Inheritance tax:

Although there is no tax imposed on inheritance of wealth for the spouse and children of the deceased, the tax rate for secondary family members, such as: siblings, uncles and nephews and other relatives can reach up to 13%, whereas for non-relative persons the tax rate will be 16%.

Tourist taxes, high VAT: 

The Value added tax in Monaco is charged according to the rules established in France. By today the standard VAT rate is 20%, although reduced rates may apply to specific goods and services 

Tourists may also be confronted with additional fees or taxes related to particular activities or attractions in Monaco, such as entry fees to certain events or casinos or admission prices to museums.These charges are typically separate from general taxes and are specific to the services or activities being provided. 

However, considering a high influx of tourists annually, almost 9 tourists to 1 resident annually, the tax can be levied on huge numbers of the tourist population. This means that every time when millions of tourists will purchase goods and services in Monaco they will be paying an additional VAT tax and adding up total government revenue. In fact, more than half of total revenue from VAT taxes came from non-residents of Monaco.

Beyond its tax advantages that attract so many corporations and wealthy people around the world, Monaco is also extremely safe with the lowest crime rate in the world, with all needed amenities. These factors make Monaco particularly appealing to billionaires from around the world, which helps to propel the Principality’s economy to the top of the charts.

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